Category Archives: Witchcraft & Wicca

In Wiccans we can Trust…or can we?

“Perfect Love…Perfect Trust..!”   Two passwords that every single Gardnerian or Alexandrian Wiccan initiate learns at the time of his or her first degree initiation!   And then, almost certainty, he or she forgets..well, almost!

The Pentacle – a Wiccan symbol
art ~Mani

Wicca is a neo-pagan religion, crafted using several strands of magical principles, traditions, beliefs and Witchcraft practices – by Gerald Gardner in the mid 1950’s, at a time the practice of Witchcraft was still illegal. (The Act was repealed in 1951). *Wicca is an initiatory tradition, in that a new member is `brought into the existing Coven of Witches (Wiccans)’  through the process of an initiation ceremony or ritual. At this Ceremony, the `Seeker’ (Postulant) is made to swear an oath of secrecy and loyalty – to keep the secrets of The Craft, and to also protect other Witches. In the back of the Book of Shadows, there are `Laws’ – many of which instruct the Witch on actions to take towards protecting his or her fellow Witches & the Coven.     *(I am not revealing anything here that has not already been written about by Witches, talked about in Festivals and Conferences, or debated in many an online forums!)

In modern times, experienced Wiccans often boast of the network of Wiccans, and the way initiated members of one coven may be accepted as guests in other covens – even far away- provided there as been the personal vouching for those members. It’s a kind of `trust currency’ that is used within such groups and networks.

And yet, from many a personal experiences, either my own, or by observations – I know that even Initiated Wiccans of related covens or branches of covens – don’t always practice this `Trust’ – even when they know that another person is `one of theirs’.

In recent history, there have been cases of people jumping to ill-conclusions,  judging another Wiccan without even bothering to investigate facts or giving the benefit of the doubt, or worse – condemning another Wiccan in public and cajoling other friends into a sort of colluded behavior that can be easily seen as bullying & harassing   It is simple  human decency and my own sense of ideals that prevents me mentioning names, and not some Wiccan secrecy oath.

There have been many debates online on this matter (facebook is full of it). Many are quick to say that we are all people..humans..and such behavior (mistrust, squabbles, in-fights) are all part of our human nature.

I disagree. I did not take such serious magical oaths, in the presence of my Gods & Goddesses and the powerful Elemental entities, and a coven of Witches- agreeing that my soul will be damned and the Curse of the Goddess may be upon me if I break these solemn oaths-  so that I can just throw away that oath when my `human nature’ asserts itself.

The Wiccan oath is not one of convenience, nor is it `an aspiration’ or  `just a guidance’ – to me. It’s a serious oath, one that goes deeply into my psyche, and entangles with my past, present and future lives! Yes, I have had in the past, and continue to have my `am only human’ moments. But at all times I have conducted myself with self-integrity and in line with the oaths I took.

But in a fast moving society —  when `internet covens’ do `internet rituals’,  cherished Wiccan Authors allow others to be harassed and vilified in their own `facebook profiles’,  other Wiccans suddenly seem to gain so much faith that the Goddess will protect and so they themselves need not interfere in any Wiccan-related unjust situations —   my `human side’ is fast growing stronger than my `Wiccan side’.  In the last few years, I have seen steadily increasing evidence of such Wiccan failings.  If Wiccan society has moved on so much with the times, then maybe it’s time I moved on too..  instead of holding on to some romantic notions & ideals of secrecy and protecting the fellow Witch!

It occurs to me..  perhaps we  need new `laws’ in Wiccan initiations?   or perhaps we just strike all such `conditional’ constructs out of The Books of Shadows?   What do you think?

Rules only have power, as long as the followers follow them and enforcers enforce them. As for Wiccan laws – well, I have yet to hear of some `personal psychic account’ that a Prophet of the Horned God Pan or a Messiah of the Moon Goddess came down from some mountain or rose from a Lake…to give us these `Laws’. What we use came from a Man! And man is..only human!!

I’d love to hear your thoughts and views..

-Mani Navasothy

ps. As we are moving towards `Halloween’ (Samhain) – traditionally seen as a very `witchy time’, I will be writing several thought-provoking blogs and articles on the subjects of Wicca,Witchcraft & Magic. be sure to subscribe or follow my blog to read more.  🙂

Visit my website Witchcraft & Magic

Magic: The Willow, the Witch and pruning my World-Tree

The hacked branches of the tree, and the Willow afterwards (insert)

I was having coffee under the Willow just now ..having a peaceful morning, (after the last few days of chaos), and that’s when the idea for this blog came from.  So I guess it is time to share some secrets of personal magic!

You see, I am a Witch, and I have a Willow Tree in my garden..and this is our story..sort of!

Am not sure if many people have a beautiful tree in their back garden in these urban city places we live in – but I am lucky to have that. It was the Willow tree in the garden (and a nice pond) that made me fall in love with this house, and aptly persuade my mother to buy this place years and years ago. And I grabbed the room that over looks the garden – and every day as I wake up, I draw the curtain and look out to `my’ beautiful Willow.

For many years, as I explored magical worlds, and pagan communities, this Willow tree was my grounding place…and even my `first magical partner’. Yes, it is possible to have a tree as one’s magical partner. It was also my representation of Gaia and the Earth Goddess.  I have spent many a days and nights – doing personal rituals under her protective sphere – for when the Willow is in full growth in spring & summer months, it creates a nice space under it..a bubble where no one can see me…even if I am naked beneath it, doing meditative or magical rituals (mostly at nights).

Every few years, when I start the pruning process (she doth grow so much! 🙂 I do a special magical auric work.  I make my pruning intentions clear to the tree a good few days before hand (just sitting under it and thinking to it!).  And on the day of pruning, I first do a n aura expanding exercise..  of expanding and merging my own aura with the tree!  I then ask it to guide me where pruning needs to be done…  and get pruning.

Now anyone good enough to workout the intricacies of this process will instantly work out what happens to me and my life, as a result of this.  What ever happens to the tree..  happens to me! Because I have merged auras, and accept that my aura-life is geometrically and magically mapped to the tree, and so the northern part of the tree now corresponds to all things North/ Earthy in my life- work, stability, structure..and the southern part of the tree links to my own creativity etc.

I mindfully prune the Willow, and when am done, clear the space under it, separate our aura-bonds, and that evening I do a small meditative ritual under the Willow.  I am fully aware – that not only have I trimmed small and huge branches of the Willow, but by this magical work, I have also accepted and magically set the process of pruning corresponding parts of my own life!!

And in the coming weeks, that starts to take effect!  I’ve done this for many years!

And recently, due to some neighborhood wrangles, I have had to do some very very drastic cutting, trimming and pruning of the Willow. It was a traumatic time for the tree, and me.   Huge limbs have been hacked away by me and my newly bought electric chain saw.  Afterwards, I could not face the tree for weeks. I left the fallen limbs as they were. And I guess I was in a state of trauma and transition too.

And then I picked my self up, and started tidying up.  Branches have been selected, separated according to size etc. And as usual, I make tree-branch sculptures of those fallen branches. And there are some new ones slowly taking shape underneath it, by my outdoor altars.

And now I start to see the effects of this in my life- huge areas of my life are drastically altering, traumatically even. Communities I was once a serious part of are going through flux – and my place in them shifting.  Also, other initiatives and ventures are suddenly taking shape in my life- matters that have stalled for so many years suddenly are growing at warp speeds 🙂

By the way, I don’t advise anyone to do this kind of magical work, unless you are seriously able to cope and deal with the intense changes it brings.

I am looking at my world-tree through my window, as I type this..   Sun is shining. There’s a slightly unusual bit of breeze where the long trailing tendrils are  waving.  A few birds have had a rest-stop and flow away. More will be along through out the day..  especially parrots!

And as for my beautiful Willow (world) tree, where I had once hung upon upside down in a midnight Odin ritual…..she is fine.. and so am I.

-Mani Navasothy

Witchcraft, Magic & Paganism – Courses, training & outdoor Rituals in London – by Mani & friends

Link to my Witchcraft & Magic website

Hern is dead, Long Live Hern (aka: Burning Hern)

Burning Hern (c)Mani Navasothy 2012

Hern is dead? Is it possible to kill a God? ..assuming that Hern or Herne IS actually a god! Some consider `him’ to be a shaman-figure, others think he was a Hunter / Games Keeper in the services of the King of England (a long time ago) who hunted in the realms of Windsor Great park. There are stories of `Hern sighting’ in Windsor to this day.

Only a few years ago, when I was being walked off Windsor park by the Queen’s Park Keepers, after 3 friends and I had been camping out there on one Samhain (Halloween) night, one of the Park Keeprs said he had heard of a sighting. (They were probing us as to why we had stayed there over-night, and I had explained that we worship Hern and were honouring him on Samhain by being there!)

Well, I first properly came across the figure (not literally) when I was watching the now famous `Robin of Sherwood’ TV program about 25 years ago. But it was only in 2004 that I actually started `worshiping’ Hern as a God-form. (so yes, he is a god to me). And yes, for some reason, I have always refered to him as `Hern’ and not `Herne’ (no `e’). At that point in my life, I was quite low emotionally and feeling rejected (well, I had been) and disempowered, and sort of fell into Hern-worship. So much so that I eventually started an outdoor Ritual & shamanic pagan group in London – called `Hern’s Tribe’ ..  which is now possibly quite well known (though people may not know what, where or how it operates, unless they actually attend!)

So, getting back to `Hern is dead’.  What is that all about, you ask?

I have been making a Hern – a woody figure made of pieces & off-cuts of Willow branches in my garden. I think it must be over 2 years old. And quite recently I have had the thought to burn it down fully.  (I have a habit of burning away old magical tools – wands, talismans, charms, artefacts that I had created.. I feel it releases tied up energy, stagnant energy and unwanted energies..  so that I am free to create new magical artefacts again. It’s not like someone is going to want to keep my old magical artefacts in a museum now is it ?  well, few close loved ones think it should… but that is not how I see it.  As magicians, we strive to be empowered, and though we may start by attaching our beliefs and power to objects- ultimately it is about taking those powers within, and be free from external objects. It is a sort of power-integration within! And that is my path, something I am keen to write about and teach eventually).

So, the Hern figure in the garden., Well, after a trip to Windsor great park, to do some much needed personal magical work with Hern-energy, I got home and a day later took the `head’ of the outdoor Hern sculpture (as tall as me..no, taller!) and ritually burnt it.

We hear of the phrase, `All that dies shall be reborn, all that falls shall rise again’ in Wiccan coven circles as part of a chant. Well, in order for that process to happen, things must die, things must fall. (Ideally doing that around Lammas – time of Harvest and the sacrificial Corn-King is best. But the fall can happen any time in the scope of a magician’s life).

So though it may be horrifying for some, I have no major concerns about such personal activities – destroying magical artefacts – provided I then go off and create new ones!! And that is what I have done, more or less over the following day.

So although the old head of Hern is dead and burnt, there is now a new one.. a far better one in fact – as this one now has real set of antlers or two, and he has a better body (from a new batch of Willow tree prunning).

It is a bit like the saying, `King is dead, Long live the King,’ – meaning that when an old one dies, a new one becomes King.

There is so much to say on the matter of Hern worship, and of empowering. There is so much dis-empowering in the world – and am sad to say I see so much of that within the pagan communities. Yes, people can have all sorts of explanations, but people forget that other peopl do have `real’ psychic sensing…and not just `a feel’ or intuitive thinking. Some of us actually `sense’ energy with our bodies…and at times it’s bloody painful…chest aches, blocked chakras, head-aches, tingling foreheads & ticklish necks…buzzing backs..  !   I suppose that is for people who are `sensates’ – one type of psychic people who pick up psychic energies physically, rather than visually, audibly, intuitively or emphatically( am that  too, and that can be a pain..  especially when loved ones are going through tough times…miles away and their states affect  me).

So point I make..  yes there is a quite a lot of dis-empowering in the community..and pagan communities are no exceptions.   And me burning Hern has a purpose.  What with all the Pluto-square-Uranus transits going on, these are the days of death, rebirth and transformations for us all..  and as one late High Priestess once said to me, I seem to live magical things harshly first, before I teach it to others.

With that old Hern-head, burnt, a part of me is also dead. But with a new antlered Head and filled body of Hern reconstructed, my magic undergoes similar transformation. It’s image magic..  poppets and blood..and bones.. on a larger scale.

Hern is dead. Long Live Hern!

Deep Earthy Blessings…and `May Hern protect us!’

-Mani Navasothy

ps. My long awaited book `Book of Hern:  Magical pathways for personal Empowerment’  is being published on 21st December 2012 – on Winter Solstice day..longest night, when hope is reborn!   Keep an eye on my website Hern’s Tribefor updates.

“Book of Hern: Magical pathways for Personal Empowerment” by Mani Navasothy. Publishing on 21st Dec’12. http://www.Hern-Tribe.org

Hour of the Ram: Aries full moon brewing 30th Sept’12

Hour of the Ram:  Aries full moon brewing  30th Sept'12

Just thought I’d give a quick heads-up to all about the rather volatile full moon that’s coming up.
It’s not volatile just because it’s an Aries full moon (30th Sept, 03:03 hrs gmt) but there are some other agitating aspects also culminating just before this full moon.
The ones in question – which is the tail end of a 2 weeks of quite challenging transits – are the following:

Today (27th sept)- Mars-square-Venus (can’t be easy for relationships, especially the ones not in any, as this would be getting them rather stressed!)

29th Sept-
-Sun-opposes-Uranus> That’s gotta be quite powerful, when your own identity may well be challenged.
-Sun-square-Pluto> Yes, the final Pluto-related (stressful) transit for now. Sun is energy & health, and pluto- well I’ve talked about pluto enough in other posts. Theme on this one is the extremes, as Sun is at the heart of our Solar system, fueling and holding all, and Pluto is furthest and small planetoid. And it’s a square….so the events will force your hands to take action. Remember, no action is still an action.. But make a decision on deeply personal matters, before they eat you from within. And your energy levels will return.

So all that…before the Full moon on 30th.. Lot of energy flying about.. Aries is a fire sign,and moon (watery) is not going to be a comfortable place as it is… Am not talking about planets, but how these are going to affect you, make you experience things.

Bright Stellar wishes
-Mani

Mystical magical symbols at closing ceremony of Paralympics London 2012

Closing ceremony-parlympics 2012- mystical symbols

We are still watching the closing ceremony of the paralympics (London) 2012..   (and did you know that the word comes from `parallel Olympics’ shortened?)..  on this day 9th September 2012..  and it struck me that ..quite apart from the obvious `fire festival’ theme, and the most fabulous opening parts ..where the ex-soldier called the spirits of the east, south, west & north,.with the energies of the seasons autumn, winter, spring & summer.. there is that whopping big floor design ..that seems to be covered in mystical symbols..  especially looking like the ones from the Keys of Solomon?!  Yeah!

I’ll be getting a better screen capture, and looking at the symbols carefully and comparing with my little book of The keys of Solomon..(ah a secret hobby of mine)..  but it’s quite remarkable.

And then there is that big ol’ green man/flame design.. 🙂

closing ceremony-fire festival – parlympics 2012

here are some early pics..

Expect more :-)…as my sister is in there watching it all live..and will be doing lots of writing and uploading her videos soon..:-)

-Mani Navasothy

my related blog:

Olympic 2012 Bashing: Negative magic by Hypocrites (after Opening Ceremony on 27th July’12)

Proff. Stephen Hawking’s words at Opening ceremony of Paralympics 2012 (London)

Olympian Gods in (UK) Big Brother House (Gaian Times feature)

Gloriana- Queen’s Barge carrying the flame in river Thames (London)

Promethean Legacies (mythology of Prometheus) discussed in feature article of Gaian Times magazine #5 

Gaian Times magazine #5 (Olympic special)
features article `Deity Dozen’ by Rose Dixon

Lammas: Pagan Festival of Harvest is here!

I’ve written extensively about Lammas symbolism in a previous blog entry. So please do read it for that info.   The following was written as part of information for a  Wiccan training group:

Part of the Pagan religious altar for the outdoor Wiccan Lammas open ritual – held at Trent park, north London, on sat 28th July’12.. by Mani & April.

A word on Sacrifice:

The Corn-King is a symbol  of nature’s energies, Sun’s energies etc being gathered and focused. At Lammas, he who holds that energy must let go of it. In this ritual, the Corn-King willingly sacrifics his energies, and soon afterwards, the person is resurrected!  (In Wiccan rituals, we don’t like to leave people dead. We always balance it out).

 A word on personal sacrifices:

There is a Corn-King in all of us!  We each must make a willing sacrifice in our own personal way  and let go of certain energies we hold too possessively. Only then can we be open to death & re-birth, transformation, and for new energies to come into our lives!  Don’t make a token-sacrifice (like, `am giving up smoking’). It must be something real and sensible. Trust that letting go of it will actually help the world, and in turn will also help you personally grow in other ways!

Harvest

It’s not about the end of the line (Corn King dies!), but also from another point of view- Harvest! It is about reaping what we have all been sowing and cultivating.  At this point in your lives, all your previous efforts have brought you to the point of this magical path and a new beginning – which in many ways is your magical harvest!

-Mani

relates blog on Harvest

related website: Witchcraft and Magic

ebook Coming soon: How to become an Initiated Witch (Seeker’s Guide to Covens)

 

How to become an Initiated Witch: A seeker’s Guide to Covens

by Mani Navasothy.

This Guidebook takes you – if you are already sure about a Wiccan Initiation- from where you are at now to the point of finding, meeting, asking and training with a Coven leader..towards getting your 1st degree wiccan initiation! And then what to do to stay there and grow, rather than become rejected!!  A highly valuable straight-to-the-point  ebook, soon available here and in the internet!

I’ll be e-publishing this valuable Guide very soon.   And here’s a secret – There’s another ebook which is companion to this – but for Coven Runners 🙂

-Mani

Mobile media enquiry I received & responded: ‘ridiculous’ claims of Lammas Day abduction plan

Earlier today (2:50pm 23rd July’12), I had a call on my mobile..  from a lady in Epping Forest area.

She claimed there had been flyers circulating in their area – that pagans are coming to take a local ma and sacrifice in a ritual for Lammas festival.  I went a bit intense, and said how ridiculous, and went on to explain my ex-position in the PFL (ex-Events Coordinator) and current Webmaster. I also explained my educational qualification (Physics degree) and said I have a good head on my shoulder, and that we pagans don’t do anything crazy like sacrificing people!

Anyway here’s what she appears to have written – and as usual with Journalists (understandable), only parts of a 15 minute conversation seem to have been written about. But apart from one potential misunderstanding, it looks okay to me.

Funny thing is I have only just seen this online. I thought it was going to be a printed paper later on.   In any case, earlier this evening, I had a funny psychic sensation..  almost like an intrusion that I had sensed in the past… and it now makes sense..  It would be the time (4.30pm) when this would have been published online…  (I was doing my art blogs then!).     Yeap, my `Spider sense’ was tingling…and I now have it calibrated `exactly’ for this sort of thing that touches me!!   That’s the biggest favour this event has done for me.

-Mani

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http://www.guardian-series.co.uk/news/9834622.EPPING_FOREST__Pagans_deny__ridiculous__abduction_claims/?ref=fbrec&fb_source=message

‘ridiculous’ claims of Lammas Day abduction plan

4:29pm Tuesday 24th July 2012 in NewsBy Katie Bamber

PAGANS have dismissed ‘ridiculous’ claims they plan to kidnap a member of the public as part of festivities in Epping Forest next week.

An anonymous leaflet stuffed through letterboxes on Epping High Street on Monday (July 23) warns of a Pagan ‘plan to abduct a male member of the public for use as part of their rituals’.

Pagans traditionally celebrate Lammas Day, the wheat harvest festival, from July 31 to August 1 – the mid-point between summer solstice and autumn equinox.

Mani Navasothy is a Wiccan High Priest and representative of the Pagan Federation, which works with the Government to create guidelines on recognising Paganism.

The 42-year-old has led several Pagan camps at Debden campsite and staged his wedding on the edge of the forest.

He said: “That’s just ridiculous. Nobody is going to catch a man and abduct him. I have got a degree in physics, so I’m not an idiot. Practising Pagans just don’t do that sort of thing.

“I myself have led rituals in forests and I used to tell the police and council – we always do it very carefully and formerly. If anything we just go for walks in the wood.”

Contrary to the leaflet’s claim that next week’s celebrations will involve ‘public nudity, unauthorized fires, sacrifices and heightened risk of kidnapping’, Mr Navasothy said they were likely to entail a ‘drama’-like ritual, with worshippers in masks and costumes acting out the cutting of the first wheat.

“We don’t do animal sacrifices and definitely not people. That would be criminal.”

Simon Webb, the Loughton-based author of Unearthing London: The Ancient World Beneath the Metropolis , said Epping Forest had been used by worshippers of Pagan gods since the Neolithic period.

“The main road from the Neolithic flint mines in Norfolk to London passed straight through Epping Forest and straight through Waltham Abbey,” said Mr Webb, 58.

“Travellers worshipped half-human, half-horned goats and took symbols of their religion with them.

“There are old roads leading through the forest made by Celts. They’re called ‘green lanes’, and they were used as old trackways.”

Mr Webb confirmed Epping Forest was still a draw for practising Pagans: “Not far from the Wake Arms roundabout, there’s a clearing with lots of symbols carved into the trees. You’ll also find traces of fires that have been burning there.

“I don’t doubt for a moment that on Lammas Day there will be people lighting fires and dancing round naked in Epping Forest,” he added.

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Hierarchy within Wiccan Covens

I was initiated over 15 years ago, and lucky to have had those first 4 years …where my High Priestess & High Priest taught and trained me (and my fellow Craft brothers & Sisters).  For those glorious 4 years, I did nothing but learn the Craft, rituals, magic, and kinship. And then one day I was ready and got my 2nd degree initiation, became `an Elder’ and a High Priest of Wicca ..and was gently cast out into the bigger world..

That was when the politics began!  And since then, I’ve had many a discussion with pagans, wiccans and non-initiates (in courses that I have run) – about Covens.

I’ve seen the way the Wiccan covens ..and Wiccan community have evolved..  with time…just in the 15+ years I have been a part of. I can only imagine how it must have been in those early `golden’ years of Gerald Gardner, Doreen Valiente, and of course Alex Saunders. Am not what they’d say..about the Craft now..if they were still alive.

Personally, I myself am seriously perturbed by the way loyalty, discipline, commitment  respect and a  whole load of other sincere traits within Wicca seem to be eroding away these days…and like the yobs in the streets who make trouble and say `it’s my right’,  modern wiccan members seem to do pretty much all sorts of things and call it evolution.

On the one hand, I am all for traditions being kept alive. But then, on the other hand, all things have to change..evolve..  and at times, I find myself being the `black sheep’ of the Wiccan community…simply by me being thought-provoking, and challenging.

So in a series of articles.. (and a few books coming later in the year), I’m going to explore these..

First thing..  let me set the scene…and explain a few basics…as I have now come to understand them..  (extracts from my forthcoming book `Seekers’ guide to Wiccan Covens’).

What’s a coven?

A Coven is traditionally a group of Witches – full stop! It is not a place, not a room, not a house, not a website, not a forum, not a meeting point or any of that. A coven is given a unique identity by a name for that group – often at the choosing the people who formed it and lead it. It is a magical association of certain specific individuals. Where ever those members may be, they feel and know that along with the others of that group, they are `their coven’! You can compare this to the question of `what is a family’? Exactly. A Family is a group of relatives. They may live in the same house, or not. Some old, some young. A core family framework is a man and woman – father and mother- and their children. The extended family includes grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins, niece & nephews and more. A family starts with a couple – bonded in Love – and grows as they have children. A coven has very similar structure, as you’ll see below.

Who are Coven members, Seekers & Trainees?

All the people who have formally asked to join a Coven, under the leadership of the couple who formed a coven, are coven members – of that coven! Even in the early stages, if some people have asked to join a coven or are exploring or seeking – but have not gone through an initiation ceremony – are still in many ways members of that Coven.

Coven Leaders & the extend of their authority

As with a family model, which is very much what Wiccan covens are based on (like the tribes of old), a coven usually has a couple – a pair who are magical partners – at the helm of it. This couple are the Coven leaders – often that coven’s High Priest and High Priestess. The abbreviation is HP & HPS. They are effectively who form the coven, initiate others into that coven and run that coven! Their authority is pretty much absolute within their coven. There are cases, where other High Priests & High Priestesses of other covens come to visit – ie do socials and rituals together. Even in such cases, the authority of the actual Coven leaders is- should- and must be respected by all.

This isn’t always understood by everyone. And sometimes visiting High Priests & High Priestesses try to exert their own authority – especially if they have been Wiccans and running their own covens for much longer, or the special case where they are the people who initiated this coven leaders! But such behavior will undermine the authority of the HP & HPS of the coven where everyone is a gust.

This can be easily understood if you think about the family model again. Think about a big family occasion, where a couple who have 3 children, invite their grandparents, uncles & aunts, cousins and so on. Within the house where the party is being held, the couple have the final authority. It is incorrect for the grandparents or an uncle or aunt to intervene in important matters – even if in the larger family framework, they have age and authority.

well, more on Wicca, Witchcraft & Covens…another time…:-)

-Mani Navasothy

connect with me on facebook  www.facebook.com/ManiNavasothy

Related Links:

1.  So you want a wiccan Initiation?  

2. Coven Guide: Become an Initiated Witch – by Mani Navasothy

3. e-Witch Apprentice  Training (Correspondence course)