First image of a Black hole (and Abstract & Conclusion of scientific paper, published by American Astronomical Society 10th April 2019)

Today the Scientific community and indeed the whole world (especially that of social media) is bubbling up with excitement of the release of photos – first images of a black hole.   I’ve tracked the various links to the original scientific letter published at IOPScience site. Without breaching their brilliant presentation (the Physicist in me struggles to decipher it all), here are some key sections..  like the actual images, Abstract and Conclusion.

-Mani Navasothy

————–

The following Images, Abstract & Conclusion are taken from the article titled:

First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole .

(Published 2019 April 10 • © 2019. The American Astronomical Society- link at the bottom of the blog.

Eight stations of the EHT 2017 campaign over six geographic locations as viewed from the equatorial plane. Solid baselines represent mutual visibility on M87* (+12° declination).
Fig 1: Eight stations of the EHT 2017 campaign over six geographic locations as viewed from the equatorial plane. Solid baselines represent mutual visibility on M87* (+12° declination).
apjlab0ec7f3_lr
EHT image of M87* from observations on 2017 April 11 as a representative example of the images collected in the 2017 campaign. The image is the average of three different imaging methods after convolving each with a circular Gaussian kernel to give matched resolutions. The largest of the three kernels (20 μas FWHM) is shown in the lower right. The image is shown in units of brightness temperature, ${T}_{{\rm{b}}}=S{\lambda }^{2}/2{k}_{{\rm{B}}}{\rm{\Omega }}$, where S is the flux density, λ is the observing wavelength, kB is the Boltzmann constant, and Ω is the solid angle of the resolution element. Bottom: similar images taken over different days showing the stability of the basic image structure and the equivalence among different days. North is up and east is to the left.
apjlab0ec7f4_lr
three example models of some of the best-fitting snapshots from the image library of GRMHD simulations for April 11 corresponding to different spin parameters and accretion flows. Bottom: the same theoretical models, processed through a VLBI simulation pipeline with the same schedule, telescope characteristics, and weather parameters as in the April 11 run and imaged in the same way as Figure 3. Note that although the fit to the observations is equally good in the three cases, they refer to radically different physical scenarios; this highlights that a single good fit does not imply that a model is preferred over others

 

Abstract:

When surrounded by a transparent emission region, black holes are expected to reveal a dark shadow caused by gravitational light bending and photon capture at the event horizon. To image and study this phenomenon, we have assembled the Event Horizon Telescope, a global very long baseline interferometry array observing at a wavelength of 1.3 mm. This allows us to reconstruct event-horizon-scale images of the supermassive black hole candidate in the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87. We have resolved the central compact radio source as an asymmetric bright emission ring with a diameter of 42 ± 3 μas, which is circular and encompasses a central depression in brightness with a flux ratio gsim10:1. The emission ring is recovered using different calibration and imaging schemes, with its diameter and width remaining stable over four different observations carried out in different days. Overall, the observed image is consistent with expectations for the shadow of a Kerr black hole as predicted by general relativity. The asymmetry in brightness in the ring can be explained in terms of relativistic beaming of the emission from a plasma rotating close to the speed of light around a black hole. We compare our images to an extensive library of ray-traced general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of black holes and derive a central mass of M = (6.5 ± 0.7) × 109 M⊙. Our radio-wave observations thus provide powerful evidence for the presence of supermassive black holes in centers of galaxies and as the central engines of active galactic nuclei. They also present a new tool to explore gravity in its most extreme limit and on a mass scale that was so far not accessible.

..

Conclusion and Outlook (first 2 paragraphs).

We have assembled the EHT, a global VLBI array operating at a wavelength of 1.3 mm and imaged horizon-scale structures around the supermassive black hole candidate in M87. Using multiple independent calibration, imaging, and analysis methods, we find the image to be dominated by a ring structure of 42 ± 3 μas diameter that is brighter in the south. This structure has a central brightness depression with a contrast of >10:1, which we identify with the black hole shadow. Comparing the data with an extensive library of synthetic images obtained from GRMHD simulations covering different physical scenarios and plasma conditions reveals that the basic features of our image are relatively independent of the detailed astrophysical model. This allows us to derive an estimate for the black hole mass of M = (6.5 ± 0.7) × 109 M. Based on our modeling and information on the inclination angle, we derive the sense of rotation of the black hole to be in the clockwise direction, i.e., the spin of the black hole points away from us. The brightness excess in the south part of the emission ring is explained as relativistic beaming of material rotating in the clockwise direction as seen by the observer, i.e., the bottom part of the emission region is moving toward the observer.

Future observations and further analysis will test the stability, shape, and depth of the shadow more accurately. One of its key features is that it should remain largely constant with time as the mass of M87* is not expected to change measurably on human timescales. Polarimetric analysis of the images, which we will report in the future, will provide information on the accretion rate via Faraday rotation (Bower et al. 2003; Marrone et al. 2007; Kuo et al. 2014; Mościbrodzka et al. 2017) and on the magnetic flux. Higher-resolution images can be achieved by going to a shorter wavelength, i.e., 0.8 mm (345 GHz), by adding more telescopes and, in a more distant future, with space-based interferometry (Kardashev et al. 2014; Fish et al. 2019; Palumbo et al. 2019; F. Roelofs et al. 2019b, in preparation).

Essential links to full scientific Paper:

Focus on the First Event Horizon Telescope Results –   Shep Doeleman (EHT Director) on behalf of the EHT Collaboration.  April 2019.  

First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole .

 

 

 

List : EU laws that have been forced on UK against our will

The following article appeared in the London Economic website.  It illustrates the idiocy (my words) of the accusation by people that EU laws forced on us are all bad.  I’ve copied the whole piece and blogged it here – no copyright breach intended, but i wanted to do it this way so that if the original site-page goes, at least I have this  version saved up in my blog. -Mani

Copied content follows (from site London Economic)


European-Parliament-Strasbourg-768x502

According to the commons library just 4,514 out of 34,105 laws have been influenced by the EU, of which just 72 of them were forced on us against our will.

They included regulations such as making sure food labels say if Aspartine is present, which has been linked to cancer, headaches and seizures, and banning carcinogenic residue in meat.

Others include making airlines compensate passengers for delayed or cancelled flights and making sure additives in mineral water are safe and labels are honest.

The full list, courtesy of Jim Grace, can be seen in his Tweets here (or see the full list which we have transcribed below):

So… what inequities were forced upon us, what degradation, what humiliations for a proud island nation? Let’s have a little look shall we? I have put a link to each law we voted “no” to… and my own TLDR, if you don’t fancy wading through the legalese….

(1/72) 29/03/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:31996L0021 … EU: Food labels should say if Aspartine is present. UK: Nonsense. Bloody red tape! (Linked to cancer, headaches and seizures, even Pepsi USA stopped using it by 2015)

(2/72) 29/04/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:01996L0022-20081218&from=IT … EU: Ban on livestock growth-boosters with hormonal, thyrostatic or beta-agonist effects (carcinogenic residue in meat). UK: Aw come on – a little bit of cancer never hurt no-one.

(3/72) 03/06/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31996L0035&from=EN … EU: Safety advisers dealing with transport of dangerous goods on public roads etc must be properly trained and regulated. UK: Bleedin elf’n’safety gorn mad. Wassamatta wiv a bit a toxic spillage across a playground?

(4/72) 27/06/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31996R1168 … EU: we need some conservation measures to preserve North Atlantic fish stocks. UK: Ah Phooey. There’s plenty o’ fish in the sea. We’ve even registered on the website.

(5/72) 22/07/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:31996L0070 … EU: additives to mineral water must be safe and labels must be honest (eg “spring water” has to come from an actual spring) UK: This will kill our sales of Dell-boy Trotter’s “Peckham Spring Water”.

(6/72) 24/09/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31996L0071&rid=2 … EU: posted workers must be given the same pay and conditions as local workers. UK: You’re kidding! The whole POINT of posted workers is to undercut the locals and undermine their employment rights.

(7/72) 09/12/1996 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31996D0715 … EU: lets have a consistent approach to data collection on goods traded between member states? UK: Hmm. That buggers up our carousel fraud schemes, somewhat.

(8/72) 17/03/1997 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:31997L0012 … EU: Lets tighten up on livestock health checks, paperwork and traceability. UK: God, you’re not still pissed about that mad cow thing? IT’S SORTED! Twust us – we’s Bwitish. ( Soon after: 10M animals slaughtered during foot and mouth)

(9 & 10/72) 22/04/1997 & 26/06/1997 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=OJ:L:1997:106:TOC … EU: We still need to protect those fish stocks. UK: Aww. Cant we just keep fishin’? There are so few left, we want to catch as many as we can before they are ALL gone.

(11/72) 22/07/97 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:01997R1554-19970805 … EU: OK folks: lets have a single set of rules about drying, powdering and labelling hops – instead of everyone making it up as they go along. UK: We LIKE making it up as we go along. (Hopping mad now)

(12/72) 20/10/1997 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31997R2087&from=en … EU: Don’t add tartaric acid to wine. And here’s how tariffs on grapejuice from 3rd countries should be calculated. UK: We LIKE adding dodgy things to wine. And the French, Spanish and Italian winemakers should do what WE say!

(13/72) 11/12/1997 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31997R2087&from=en … EU: firms from outside the EU may carry passengers between destinations in the EU (cabbotage) without needing a registered office in the EU. UK (1997): Not happy. UK (2021): Splendid idea.

(14/72) 16/12/1997 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31997R2536 … EU: Lamb and sheep meat to be classified in a consistent way as soon as possible after slaughter. UK: That violates the English common law principle: “you may as well be hung for a sheep as a lamb”

(15/72) 16/02/1998 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31998R0411 … EU: Trucks for livestock journeys over 8 hours must have bedding, feed, water, ventilation, partitions and access for inspectors. UK: Why spend all that money? Innit all just meat on the plate at the end of the day?

(16/72) 18/05/1998 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31998R1048 … EU: This is a Gas turbine/nomenclature/tariff/temporary partial thingy-me-wotsit. UK: If that’s not worth dying in a ditch for, I don’t know what is.

(17/72) 19/06/2000 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32000R1363&from=EN … EU: We are going to intervene in the sugar market to create price stability and protect farm incomes. UK: We don’t like it. (Be really cool if you reformed this system in, ooh say, 2006…)

(18/72) 04/12/2000 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32000R2699&from=EN … EU: These are our proposed subsidies for fruit and veg growers. UK: We don’t like fruit and veg… can you subsidise laxitives and Anusol instead?

(19/72) 29/01/2001 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/GA/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32001R0216 … EU: Let’s increase the tonnage of bananas we take from ACP countries at the lower tariff rates? UK: NEVER! You may take our blue passports, but you will never get your hands on our BANANANANANANANAS!

(20/72) 19/12/2001 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:51999PC0744 … EU: After the mad cow thing and the dioxin thing… maybe we should tighten up on compound feed and how it is labelled? UK: Knee-jerk regulation is the wrong mooooohve.

(21/72) 27/06/2002 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32002R1177 … EU: South Korean State Aid for shipyards is undercutting our yards on LNG tankers; time for countermeasures. UK: We couldn’t care less about Danish shipyards; Thatcher destroyed all of the UK’s about twenty years ago.

(22/72) 27/02/2003 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2001:0283:FIN … EU: we must ban the advertising of tobacco products in printed media, radio, TV, events sponsorship etc. UK: just hang on a mo’ – there’s good money in those deathsticks, you know.

(23/72) 03/06/2003 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32003D1152 … EU: we must set up an EU-wide computer system to combat evasion of excise duty on booze etc. UK: but we like evading taxes…

(24 & 25 /72) 22/07/2003 http://assets.panda.org/downloads/gmosadangertosustainableagriculture.pdf … EU: Proper labelling of food that uses genetically modified ingredients – so consumers can decide not to buy them if they are worried. UK: Bugger consumers! What they don’t know won’t harm ’em”

(26/72) 26/01/20014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32004R0261:EN:HTML … EU: airlines should compensate passengers for delayed or cancelled flights. UK: we don’t support this proposal because …um…because…we are just utter, utter bastards.

(27/72) 28/02/2005 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32005R0374 … EU: In 2000 we dropped sugar tariffs for some Balkans countries and we want to row that back a bit now. UK: NO! (We’re sweet enough…)

(28/72) 07/05/2007 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Refugee_Fund … EU: Greece Italy and Spain are bearing disproportionate costs housing asylum seekers – everyone should chip in to help them? UK: Sod the Greeks! They shouldnt have put their country so close to the Middle East.

(29/72) 07/05/2007 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0858 … EU: OK can you chip in to funding a programme to help asylum seekers return home? UK: You ‘avin a giraffe, mate?

(30/72) 23/05/2007 Solidarity and management of migration flows EU: Another whip-round needed; to help member States in receiving, and in bearing the consequences of receiving, refugees and displaced persons. UK: Why should WE help? A friend in need… can sod off!

(31/72) 30/05/2007 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32007R0715 … EU: Common standard for emissions testing and what maintenance information vehicle manufacturers should provide. UK: Aw – do we have to? I mean…air polution only kills 36,000 in the UK each year. https://www.kcl.ac.uk/lsm/schools/population-health-and-environmental-sciences/newsrecords/air-pollution-could-cause-36000-deaths-a-year-in-the-uk.aspx …

(32/72) 24/09/2009https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32009R1107 EU: no pesticides that are; carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction, sensitising chemicals, very toxic, explosive or corrosive. UK: EU spoil sports!

(33/72) 14/12/2010 https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/f67f2a21-c752-11e1-b84a-01aa75ed71a1/language-en … EU: we need rule changes to allow us to do development type stuff with middle-income countries (eg China, India & various states that don’t meet the OECD criteria for “Official Development Assistance”) UK “no” 1st reading & “Yes” 2nd

(34/72) 17/05/2011 https://oeilm.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil-mobile/summary/1148778?t=d&l=en … EU: There’s a potential period of legal limbo between the expiry of current fisheries legal framework and start of the next one. We need a temp. extension to cover the gap. UK: (“Fish? FISH? – ‘ad their chips, their chips, hawhawhaw!”)

(35/72) 12/09/2011 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/LSU/?uri=CELEX%3A32011R1077 … EU: Lets create a new agency, eu-LISA, to ensure 24/7 resilience in the IT systems that keep our borders safe (asylum database, visa database, security, fingerprints, criminals). UK: We LIKE being flooded with crim’s and asylum seekers.

(36/72) 27/10/2011 Apparently we voted against the EU budget for 2012. Except this https://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-16201-2011-INIT/en/pdf … says we voted FOR. Whatevs.

(37/72) 30/11/2011 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/236119/8232.pdf … EU: We need a 5% increase in budget. UK (and NL): No not a penny more! EU: OK. How about no real terms increase, just inflationary uplift? UK: Still not happy! EU: Soz.

(38/72) 14/02/2012 http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A7-2012-0032&language=EN … EU: We’ve funded food banks since 1987. 13M people rely on them. Then SOMEONE blocked our budget increase last year. Can’t we keep the funding going for another 12 months? UK: NO! Let the plebs starve; the very sight of them affronts us.

(39/72) 09/03/2012 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32013D0258 … EU: The European Refugee Fund needs more dosh, to help those countries that are bearing the brunt. UK: Having taken moral and ethical advice from Voldemort, Sauron and Satan himself, our view is: TOUGH SHIT!

(40/72) 26/07/2012 EU: We need more cash. https://blogs.ec.europa.eu/ECintheUK/the-uk-and-the-eu-budget-the-facts/ … EU: Our budget was 1.2% of members’ total GDP 10 years ago – now it’s 1%. Come on, members? (your national budgets have all INCREASED as a %ge of GDP). UK: Not a penny. & everything is your fault, & we hate you.

(41/72) 08/10/2012 http://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/srv?l=EN&f=ST%2010090%202012%20REV%202 … EU: The Maritime Safety Agency needs re-organising & more muscle to punish oil spills from ships and oil rigs. UK: (Gulp! Probs OUR oil rigs.) WE OPPOSE!

(42/72) 21/11/2012 EU: We need a bit more money – really. UK: We don’t care. This is an opportunity to grandstand for our euroskeptic electorate over really tiny amounts of money.

(43/72) 10/12/2012 EU: We need about £0.4Bn for 2012 (Or 4 DUP MP’s, if you prefer) UK: We don’t care. This is ANOTHER opportunity to grandstand for our euroskeptic electorate over really tiny amounts of money.

(44/72) 12/12/2012 EU: OK we have trimmed it by about 10%. UK. Still don’t care!

(45/72) 26/02/2013 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32013R0228 … EU: Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira etc are struggling due to their remoteness. Lets help them? UK: Tough titty – their fault for being so remote. Can’t they be tax havens like Cayman and BVI?

(46 & 47/72 ) 24/06/2013 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32013R0575 … EU: We need prudential supervision of credit institutions and investment firms so that stuff like Lehman’s and the 2008 crash don’t happen again. UK: Oh don’t worry. If the bankers go bust again, taxpayers will bail em out.

(48&49) UK budget grandstanding on tiny amounts. (50/72) 10/10/2013 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32013R1023 … EU: we want to make some changes to the employment contract for EU staff. UK: they’re your staff – do what you wan….Wait! We oppose! (Dunno why….)

(51,52,53) More pointless budget grandstanding.

(54/72) 12/02/2014 https://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-6418-2014-INIT/en/pdf … EU: Fund our Hercule III programme to combat irregularities, fraud and corruption affecting the EU budget. UK: Er…anti-fraud you say…hmm… WE OPPOSE! (Soz.. just got to pop out and make a call…) see also:

(55/72) 11/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex:32014R0223 … EU: Let’s provide funds for the most deprived – these people are really suffering. UK: Hey! We have been deliberately CAUSING deprivation with our austerity programme – now you want to undo all that work! WTF?

(56/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R0236 … EU: we need to agree rules for funding stuff like development, democracy, human rights, European Neighbourhood. UK: every one of those things is anathema to us.

(57/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32014R0230 … EU: We want to establish an instrument to fund stability and peace in countries. UK: Stability and peace?! Wipe me arse with them.

(58/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R0235 … EU: Lets establish a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights around the world. UK: Sod off! Lets establish an instrument to wipe out democracy and human rights in the UK. Call it “Brexit”.

(59/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2014.077.01.0077.01.ENG … EU: Lets establish an instrument for co-operation with 3rd countries. UK: Co-operate on THIS, mofo!

(60/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32014R0233 … EU: Lets establish an instrument for development cooperation. UK: Development. Cooperation. Aid. These words make our skin burn.

(61/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R0232 … EU: Measures to reduce poverty, promote development, trade, education and science in countries that border the EU? UK: SOD DEVELOPMENT! SOD TRADE! SOD EDUCATION, SOD SCIENCE AND SOD ALLEVIATING SODDING POVERTY!

(62/72) 12/03/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32014R0231 … EU: Help for pre-accession countries to get ready for joining the EU. UK: SOD THE SODDING PRE-ACCESSION COUNTRIES! SOD ‘EM TO HELL AND BACK!!

(63/72) 16/04/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32014L0054 … EU: Measures to give FOM workers protection from exploitation. UK: But we WANT to exploit FOM workers – it helps keep our UK-born workers under the thumb.

(64/72) 16/04/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R0423 … EU: Boring bit of housekeeping re staff pensions, let’s hope no eejit takes this as an opportunity for pointless, immature, grandstanding. UK: Someone mention my name?

(65/72) 16/04/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R0422 … EU: Same again re staff pensions, let’s hope that eejit feels he’s made his point already. UK: Do you ever get that feeling of déjà vu?

(66 & 67 /72) 30/09/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014R1141 … EU: Now (Cameron) no political donations from dodgy Russians, Criminals or organised bicycle-seat sniffers. Farage? stop spunking your expense account on “other stuff”! UK: Hey! political corruption is an UK tradition, immemorial.

(68/72) 13/10/2014 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/1144/oj … EU: Enhanced labelling for EU Agricultural products; not just nutritional info, but also food safety, traceability, authenticity, health, animal welfare, environment, sustainability. UK: Less information consumers get, happier we’ll be.

(69/72) More budget grandstanding for the Mail readers.

(70/72) 05/03/2015 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32015R0759 … EU: These measures will protect National Statistical Authorities from interference by their National Governments. UK: You think? Hahaha – one day we will put Rory Stewart in charge.

(71/72) 05/03/2015 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32015R0758 … EU: Some rules about type approval of e-Call systems (they automatically call 999 in a car crash) UK: More Euro-bollocks. Wouldn’t have saved Diana, hawhawhaw.

(72/72) 23/06/2015 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52015PC0569 … EU: The CJEU needs more judges to deal with a big backlog of cases. UK: But we LIKE cases to wait ages. It means only the wealthy – who can afford to wait – can get justice.

———

Earth Hour London 2019 – Candle-lit Walk & Eco-ceremony

Our annual eco-event in London to observe Earth Hour!The idea is to switch off all non-essential electric appliances, lights.. So what better than to get to the park…some green space..and be in candle-light…with like-minded friends? !!

Earth Hour walk 2019

In the past we have facilitated a Candle-lit walk along the river Thames. But since 2015, we have been in local woods for this. But nwo for Earth Hour 2019, we are back to candle-lit walk along river Thames! .

• Date: Saturday 30th March 2019
meeting point: at 7pm, Meet outside the Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre. We will be walking towards OXO Tower and Gabriel’s Wharf, where we’ll have a small Earth Hour Ceremony at 8.30pm.

*BRING LANTERNS & candles in jam-jars.
*Bring food & drinks to share for a night-picnic by Thames
*Bring sheets to sit on (we’ll be sitting on the ground/ grass).
*Be Ready to sing Earth Songs

Earth Song video:

-Mani Navasothy

Wicca Full Moon Ceremonies 2019 Monthly – (river Thames, Central London)

We gather for our monthly `TLC: Wicca Full Moon Ritual’ (Tamesa London Circle started in 2006), to honour the Triple Moon Goddess, Horned God, Father Thames, Tamesa serpent and do *magic at the heart of London.   No prior knowledge or experiences of wicca or ritual magic is necessary for you to attend this. Just come with an open mind. Be friendly and non-intrusive. Connect with others, and join in the ceremony.

TLC full moon 2019 spring
Join our meetup for more of these rituals at London Woodland Witches & outdoor Pagans meetup

Fee: £3.

Outline:
-Opening pathworking for personal energy
-Consecrations & purifications and Magic Circle
-Group calling of Element quarters & their qualities
-Chants, spiral dance & energy raising
-Deity work : Moon Goddess & Horned God
– *Group magic
-Blessing of food & drinks and sharing
-Closing of circle
-Social

Healing/ protection/ spellcraft:

-Please note we do not generally have time to do individual healing, magic and protection work as these happen on a weekday evening. Our magic/spellcraft is more group-focused (ie everyone led into magic work at the same time). Individual healing, protection & spells work will be done in our quarterly Healing & Protection circle (half a day on a saturday..quarterly).

Dates of upcoming Thames Full moon Circles

Meeting Time/ point / duration:

From 7.30pm, gather outside the Green area of Tate Modern Gallery (main doors). We’ll walk down to the banks of Thames..once majority have gathered, and do this ceremony. If you are late, just find the steps, walk down to river bank, and join us. We’re usually under the concrete over-hang/ sheltered space.

What happens:

During set-up, attendees tend to talk to one another and socialise. Some help the facilitator with set up of altar and allocating rital roles.    Mani then has a run-through. explaining the key features of what happens, and starts ritual.    Ritual usually  last about 60 mins to 90 mins.  Afterwards, people take photos of altar and themselves with altar etc. Some people leave for home. Others stay behind to socialise. We tend to go back up to street level, to the grassy green area outside Tate Modern Gallery and socialise/ share food & drinks.. If it’s raining, we just go to the nearby Pub within sight.  The whole event wraps up around 10.30pm.
Thames & Tides:

Our rituals tale place on the actual river bank…just few meters away from the water. We organise these Thames-rituals after checking Port of London authority Thames Tide time tables.. to take place at low tide.. (At high tide the entire river bank is under many meters of water!!).

Safety:
The steps are slippery. bank of Thames after previous tide will be full of new things and sharp objects. Take extreme care with your own health & safety. You are responsible for your safety.
**No children allowed**
**Unfortunately the location is not suitable for anyone with walking disabilities**

What to bring:

• Please dress appropriate for weather! (we carry on Rituals regardless of weather).
• Please bring food & drinks to share ( bread & cheese / humus are a good start) and any soft drink/wine that you like to share with others in circle.
• a torchlight is a good idea. Feasting/ sharing food & Drinks:

Bright Blessings
-Mani Navasothy

Useful links for seekers of Wicca & Witchcraft:

Wicca 1-day Course in woodland   (6th April 2019)

Wicca course - april2019

book: Coven Guide: How to become an initiated Witch

Coven Guide to becoming an initiated Witch (c) MN2014Blog : So you want to become initiated?

Wicca Initiations

 

 

 

 

Isidias Navigatum 2019: Goddess Isis Blessing of the Fleet Ceremony (Richmond, London)

This annual ceremony was held at the start of the Spring time in Ancient Egypt, to gain the blessings of Goddess Isis upon the ships and boats (Fleet) – so that they may go forth, find commerce, resources and wealth and bring them back.

Isias Navigatum - march 2019

This is a family friendly day-time ceremony by riverside. We will bless the `fleet’ and place our hopes and wishes of good fortune and success in the ventures we are starting as Spring approaches. We then set the ships to sail (some will be sent.. other larger models will be pulled back, so as not to litter river Thames).

Fee: £5 (£3 concessions). Children under 16 – FREE.

Ritual outline :

A statue of the Goddess will be carried to the water side. Women may offer mirrors so that Goddess Isis may see her beauty. We will pour milk on the banks then sprinkle the statue with precious perfumes & flowers. As the final part of the ritual, a small replica boat(s) will be filled with spices and other magical items, and placed in the river as an offering to the Goddess Isis. Smaller paper boats may also be placed in the river and let go off..

Bring your own small boats! Be it paper boats or small scale models – to either sail them on the river Thames afterwards, or to symbolically place them on our altar during ritual, to gain the blessings of Isis for your own ventures ahead in 2019.

meeting point:

Please gather by the Hollyhock Cafe , between 2.00pm to 2.20pm. (address: Hollyhock Cafe, Terrace Gardens, Petersham Road, TW10 6UX. )

We will cross the road to the riverside for ceremony, set up Altar on the model boat (group effort) and begin ceremony.

At the end of the ceremony our `ships’ will be set sail followed by Feasting. We expect to be back at station by 5pm .. and visit a cafe or pub to socialise (in warmth).

**Please wear absolutely sensible shoes, warm & water poof cloths** .. Our rituals go ahead whatever the weather..

All are Welcome to attend these .

Please bring Food & drinks to share. It can be a bottle of wine, soft drinks, hot drinks (in a flask), short eats, snacks, bread, butter, cheese, humus, cakes, salads, pasta and so on.

Bright Blessings
Mani Navasothy

link to meetup event

Isidias Navigatum 2019: Blessing of the Fleet Ceremony for Wealth (Richmond)

Sunday, Mar 10, 2019, 2:00 PM

Hollyhock Cafe, Terrace gardens, Petersham Road, TW10 6UX
Richmond London , GB

22 Woodland Witches Attending

This annual ceremony was held at the start of the Spring time in Ancient Egypt, to gain the blessings of Goddess Isis upon the ships and boats (Fleet) – so that they may go forth, find commerce, resources and wealth and bring them back. This is a family friendly day-time ceremony by riverside. We will bless the `fleet’ and place our hopes and wish…

Check out this Meetup →

Hindu Magic: Shiva Yantra and Mantra

Shiva yantra FB Mani Navasothy 2019-v2

This graphics I created combines the most auspicious and powerful Markandeya mantra (also called Mrityunjaya mantra) and the Shiva Yantra. generally Yantras should not be shown to others …and just kept on sacred altar..  But this is a graphics I grabbed from internet…not an actual metal Yantra…so using it here for educational purposes..Interesting that it actually has a pentagram at the centre..

Yantras are Hindu versions of sacred Geometry …with God names and mantras written on them in Sanskrit and follow certain rules of how to create them.. when to create them..and how to work with them in Poojas and prayers / meditations etc.. In short they take several days or weeks of preparation to `install’ on an altar and thereafter treated as `God’ or `Goddess’.. and never to be handled disrespectfully.. (they are way more serious than just a statue or picture of a Deity.. They *are* Deity..once properly consecrated and installed.

No one should work with them or touch them if they have had meat of any kind.. They should not touch the ground.. They should on;y be handled after a shower.. etc (many such rules).

I have some yantras I obtained years ago..and they are still covered up and awaiting work.. as I am not yet of a certain high spiritual pure state to work with them.. That should tell you how serious this work is..

I’ll be running some key Hindu Magic ceremonies and workshops in late Spring 2019 onwards.. So keep your eyes peeled on this matter.

-Mani Navasothy
WIccan High Priest and Hindu & Shamanic practitioner

other posts in Hindu magic

On Pradosham, Mrityunjaya mantra and Rudraksha mala chanting

Maha Shiva rathri and the worship of Lord Shiva

Shiva rathri and suggested magical works

 

Wicca: 1-day experiential course (Outdoors, London)

Are you a natural Witch? Into magic & spellcraft? Or do you want to be a One? See if the impulses you feel inside you are more than just curiosity.. that it’s instincts.. a magical release.. an awakening? And do you want to become an initiated Wiccan & a Witch ? Be in a coven of Witches? Form your own coven perhaps? Is that even possible? Are you tired of reading books, trawling websites and social media – looking for connections, knowledge? Worried about whats the `norm’ these days? What’s right? What’s wrong? What’s safe.. and what’s magically dangerous?
So many thoughts and not enough starts?!!

Wicca course - april2019

This 1-day introduction course on Wicca is for New comers, Beginners & seekers – all those interested or curious about Wicca & Witchcraft, and like to learn it all in a down to earth, friendly, experiential manner…!

This course held in the natural habitat of a real Witch – the woods! After all nature is where their power comes from- Light of the Stars, Flames of the Sun, Power of the Moon, Flow of rivers, strength and deep treasures of the Trees and Earth!

We go into the woods to be away from the machinations of urban society, and to attune to the rhythms and energies of nature. Try to relax, ground, centre, earth and be open for the duration of the course. Allow a bit of time-buffer towards end for questions/ answers & conversations. Afterwards, we’ll go to the Woodman’s pub (indoors) and continue with some socials and carry on conversing about wicca and related matters.F

Date : saturday 11th May 2019

VENUE: Course will be held in outdoor woodland setting – Queen’s Woods, where usually hold our outdoor Wicca rituals).

Nearest Tube: HighGate (northern line) –

Meeting point & Time:
We meet at in the patio/ garden area of Woodman’s Pub, Archway Road (1 min from Highgate tube). Meet from 10am to 10.30am. This is the time get a cup of tea/ coffee ..say Hi ..meet n greet fellow students and get warmed up! At 10.30am we all walk to woods for course.

Fee: £20 Early bird rate ( £30 after Spring Equinox 21st March’19)

Join meetup event to pay £30 and confirm your space (see link below)

Course Contents-—————-

This is a basic introduction course. Brief explanations will be given as well as demonstrations, use of pathworking, meditation, energy work, some practice;

  • Intro: Origins of Modern Wicca; Wiccan Law & principles;
  • Energy: Connecting to nature; Chakra & Tree meditation;
  • Altar & Ritual tools – athame, wands, sword, scourge, pentacle etc
  • Sweeping/ purifications; Consecrations with salt & water/ incense; casting magic circle (words/ demo);
  • Elements & Quarters; Symbols & qualities of Air/fire/Water/Earth in wicca; pentagrams/ triangles; invocation words (demo); Transpersonal work (4 functions).
  • God & Goddess in wicca: Horned Gods; Moon Goddesses ; what are invocations & charges? who can use the energies? Empowerment; Importance of devocations;
  • Magic & Spellcraft in Wicca;
  • Esbats & Sabbats- Wheel of the year – related seasonal myths.
  • Initiations & Coven life.

Breaks:
We’ll have short organic breaks.. There will also be a 1 hour lunch break.
Queens woods has a cafe/ toilet (10min walk from our course area).

NO Recording / photography———–
Tutor may take some photos with permission for publicity purpose.

Weather————
• Please wear plenty of warm clothing (it actually gets cold when you sit down on the ground for long). If it’s raining much, tutor will bring a tarpaulin sheet cover.. so we don’t get wet (too much)

What to bring
• For your own comfort, please bring any food/drinks lunch (Please avoid eating during course delivery!). Bring flask of hot drinks. Bring comfortable cushion/ mat to sit on, as well as a blanket / throw to wrap up .. (or if it’s just cold). Please wear warm coats, socks scarf..

• We’ll have some wine for ceremonial parts of the course.

Bright Blessings
-Mani Navasothy
Wiccan High Priest / Author / Teacher

Join meetup (free) and pay fees £30 to book this course

Wicca: 1-day experiential course, Outdoors.

Saturday, May 11, 2019, 10:30 AM

Queen’s Woods
Near Highgate Station London, GB

2 Woodland Witches Attending

Are you a natural Witch? Into magic & spellcraft? Or do you want to be a One? See if the impulses you feel inside you are more than just curiosity.. that it’s instincts.. a magical release.. an awakening? And do you want to become an initiated Wiccan & a Witch ? Be in a coven of Witches? Form your own coven perhaps? Is that even possible? Are you t…

Check out this Meetup →

Astrology forecast for tomorrow (18feb19)

Astrology tomorrow (18th feb 2019):

Sun sextiles Uranus at 7.55am.
Venus conjuncts Saturn at 10.52am.
get to it people…It’s both good.. !! Don’t bother even asking to which signs are these good.. Stars and planets are for everyone.. in some shape or form..

But if you must know..

Sun in Aquarius.. links with Uranus ..ruler of Aquarius..and currently in Aries.
Venus ruler of Taurus & Libra is in Capricorn, linking to Saturn ruler of Capricorn who is currently in Capricorn.

So those are the signs who are going to the bank to cash in on this free lottery wins.. but rest of us can get 2nd or 3rd or the 300th prize wins too..

Some pointers for magical work:

venus – love, art, beauty (obvious really)
Sun – energy, vitality, health, power
Uranus – rebellion, freedom, innovation, tech, humanity
Saturn – structure, stability, lessons, authority

so now you know…mix it up and magic the shit out of your crazy life for some great positive energies..

ps. Don’t bother reading some extended astro forecasts elsewhere; This is the essentials as it is.. everything else is dressing up …and you don’t need that.. Makem up your own minds.. That after all is the freedom of Uranus coming at you..

Mani Navasothy – Astromage!

Ganapathy temple Homam – fire ceremony (pics)

Mani Navasothy : Author, Teacher, Ritual Magician

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